Cellulosic Ethanol | Forum

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DrKEV crew
DrKEV Dec 8 '15
Several years ago, Vinod Khosla, from Sun Microsystems, was promoting cellulosic alcohol as a viable source of green energy. Unfortunately, due to lack of media enthusiasm, needed public support did not materialize. In Brazil, they have been able to make alcohol from sugar cane instead of corn, and that has gotten them independent of foreign energy imports which suck capital from the economies of dependent countries like the US.

Because cellulosic alcohol is made from the cellulose, which until now has been a waste by-product, the use of plants to make alcohol becomes much more viable.



DrKEV crew
DrKEV Dec 8 '15



United Nations, June 2008 - The bio-fuel, ethanol, is generating a revolution in renewable energy that could help reduce the world's thirst for oil. In Brazil, the production of ethanol from sugarcane is booming, but what is not clear is the impact it is having on the industry's sugarcane cutters.

http://www.un.org/webcast/pdfs/unia1136.pdf
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Published on Feb 8, 2013

Modern biotechnology changes straw into something that's needed much more urgently: sustainable and climate-friendly fuel. In the face of climate change and dwindling reserves of fossil fuels, the search is on for an environment friendly alternative, especially in the automotive sector which consumes about 50 percent of the world's crude oil production. Biofuels already exist, but so far they have been produced from canola, corn or cereals -- edible plants also needed as food. »With the innovative sunliquid process, Clariant has now succeeded in converting difficult to access sugar from previously unusable plant residues like cereal straw, corn stover or residues from sugar cane almost completely into high-quality ethanol,« says Professor Dr. Andre Koltermann, Head of Clariant's Biotech & Renewables Center. The cellulosic ethanol produced by this process is a second-generation biofuel distinguished by a class climate balance.

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Cellulose is not edible, so it doesn't interfere with the food supply as making alcohol (ethanol) from corn.
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DrKEV crew
DrKEV Dec 8 '15
Cellulosic Update



go to YT page for links to work
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pDWwpCRHp_M

Published on Oct 9, 2014

Learn more and download slides at: http://www.eesi.org/briefings/view/10...
Table of contents: http://youtu.be/pDWwpCRHp_M?t=15s

The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) held a briefing examining the technologies that are making commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol production a reality. Cellulosic ethanol is produced from agricultural residue — primarily, at this time, from corn stover (leaves, stalks and husks), which is removed in a sustainable manner after the harvest. Cellulosic ethanol is commercially produced at one U.S. facility, with two more coming on-line later this year. Combined, these three facilities are expected to produce a total of approximately 80 million gallons of renewable fuel per year. Contrary to popular belief, cellulosic fuels are not ‘phantom fuels’ but commercially viable ethanol fuels, which have been scaled up in a relatively short time period.

Speakers:

Kalina Bakalov
Legislative Director, Congresswoman Tammy Duckworth (IL-08)
Skip to video: http://youtu.be/pDWwpCRHp_M?t=25s

Rob Walther
Director of Federal Affairs, Poet, LLC
Download Slides: http://www.eesi.org/files/Rob_Walther...
Skip to video: http://youtu.be/pDWwpCRHp_M?t=6m44s

Christopher Standlee
Executive Vice President, Global Affairs, Abengoa Bioenergy
Download Slides: http://www.eesi.org/files/Chris_Stand...
Skip to video: http://youtu.be/pDWwpCRHp_M?t=21m56s

Nancy Clark
External Relations Manager, Industrial Biosciences, DuPont
Skip to video: http://youtu.be/pDWwpCRHp_M?t=35m58s

Amy Davis
Government Relations Manager, Novozymes North America Inc.
Skip to video: http://youtu.be/pDWwpCRHp_M?t=44m13s

Currently, the U.S. transportation fuel supply contains approximately 10 percent ethanol, a renewable fuel produced primarily from cornstarch and intended to increase octane levels, lower GHG emissions and reduce dependence on petroleum. Producing ethanol from cellulosic, non-edible plant matter is more challenging, but is now making quick progress, thanks to advances in enzymes and catalyst technologies. Corn stover is now being used to produce cellulosic ethanol at commercial levels, and other feedstocks, such as perennial grasses, cover crops, and organic wastes, are being turned into ethanol in demonstration volumes. The potential is huge: according to the Department of Energy’s 2011 ‘Billion Ton Update’, there are currently 244 million dry tons of sustainably recoverable agricultural wastes that are suitable for producing cellulosic ethanol in the United States, and that number could reach as high as 910 million dry tons per year by 2030.

In the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), Congress mandated that renewable fuels be blended into the transportation fuel supply. Under the RFS, cellulosic-based fuels are expected to eventually provide 16 billion gallons of renewable fuel per year. The RFS also mandates that cellulosic biofuels must attain 60 percent greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions relative to gasoline. Research suggests that current improvements in technology may achieve GHG reductions upwards of 95 percent. If the production levels laid out by the RFS are met, all renewable fuels combined could meet up to one-third of the country’s fuel needs.

The U.S. cellulosic fuel industry is already a significant local economic driver in rural areas, and has attracted substantial federal, local, and international investments. Currently, cellulosic ethanol and other advanced renewable fuels production in the United States supports 4,500 direct full-time jobs, and is poised to grow significantly. For comparison, the more mature corn ethanol industry supports approximately 86,500 direct jobs. Advanced cellulosic fuels and refining technologies are expected to move ethanol production beyond the ‘corn belt’, fulfilling the RFS’s promise of regionally appropriate feedstocks for renewable fuels.


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